An argument if favor of human cloning
A man and woman give themselves in love to each other, setting their projects aside in order to do just that. Even if there were such confusion, however, would it be so detrimental as to warrant banning reproductive cloning altogether?
It is the intention with which a child is created that is in question here, not the method that is used in order to create the child.
An argument if favor of human cloning
New York: Saunders. In , the first feline created via somatic cell nuclear transfer was born. The embryo is then induced to divide into genetic copies of itself, thereby artificially mimicking what happens when monozygotic multiples are formed Illmensee et al. In another case, the male partner in a relationship may be unable to produce viable sperm and, instead of seeking a sperm donor, the couple can choose to use SCNT in order to produce a genetic copy of the prospective father. If I have a positive right to life, for instance, it is not just that others have an obligation to not kill me; they have a further obligation to provide me with any services that I would need to ensure my survival. The number of men and women who do not produce eggs or sperm at all is very small, and has been greatly reduced by modern assisted-reproduction techniques. With cloning, parents acquire the power, and presumably the right, to decide what kind of a child to have.
It is an emblem of independence and individuality. Across the world, many countries banned human cloning - often with significant punishments, such as lengthy jail terms, even for attempting such a thing.
Cons of human cloning
For example, it has been argued that artificially dividing the embryo constitutes an immoral manipulation of it and that, as much as possible, a unique embryo should be allowed to develop without interference McCormick, A child produced by cloning would be the genetic duplicate of an existing person. But all of these existing arrangements attempt in important ways to emulate the model of the natural family at least in its arrangement of the generations , while cloning runs contrary to that model. Wilmut, Ian et al. Totawa: Humana Press, pp. Such a prospect raises concerns that cloning would facilitate viewing the resulting children as objects of manufacture, rather than as individuals with value and dignity of their own. The Human Context: Procreation and Child-Rearing Were it to take place, cloning-to-produce-children would represent a challenge to the nature of human procreation and child-rearing. Therefore, if parents are not prohibited from procreating on the grounds that they may pass along a severe genetic defect to their children, then it is difficult to deny a set of parents who can only rely on cloning for procreation the chance to do so based on safety reasons alone unless the abnormalities that may result from cloning are more severe than the abnormalities that may result from natural conception Brock, Williams, Nigel Allow me to explain. Intentionally taking steps to create a child via cloning or any other kind of reproductive technology could be seen, instead, as a mutual affirmation of love on behalf of the prospective parents and clear evidence that they really desired the resulting child. Both assume that cloning recreates identity, and they differ only as to the desirability of that consequence. However, sometimes there are justified pro tanto reasons in favor of cloning. A mother could give birth to her own genetic twin, and a father could be genetically virtually identical to his son. Auigust 24,
Response 1: Negative vs. The cloned child may be constantly compared to "the original," and may consciously or unconsciously hold himself or herself up to the genetic twin that came before. Rebuttals to Arguments Against Reproductive Cloning 1 and 2.
They make great efforts to locate their "biological parents," even where paternity consists in nothing more than the donation of sperm.
As a result, family relations involving cloning would differ from all existing family arrangements, including those formed through adoption or with the aid of IVF.
Reproductive cloning pros and cons
However, inciting differentiated nuclei to behave as undifferentiated nuclei was thought to be impossible, since the conventional wisdom at the time was that once a cell was differentiated e. Response 1: Negative vs. Some of the reasons why someone may want to create a human clone are based on erroneous assumptions. Since, presumably, a clone would still be a person and an autonomous rational being, a clone would certainly retain her human dignity Glannon, ; Elliot, The great majority of people have an intuitive sense that human beings should not be cloned. In addition to its slight genetic difference, the cloned embryo would likely be gestated in a different uterine environment, which can also have an effect in ways that may serve to distinguish it from its genetic predecessor. Oh, H. While it is admirable that the parents wish to save their existing child, it is not ethically permissible to create another child solely as an instrument to save the life of her sibling Quintavalle, It therefore appears to us that, given the dangers involved and the relatively limited goods to be gained from cloning-to-produce-children, conducting experiments in an effort to make cloning-to-produce-children safer would itself be an unacceptable violation of the norms of the ethics of research. In other words, even granting that individuals have a positive right to procreate, it does not follow from this alone that they should be provided with any means necessary for successful procreation. For insofar as the society accepts cloning-to-produce-children, to that extent the society may be said to engage in it. Human society can accept or reject any proposed technology on its own merits. Arguments Against Reproductive Cloning and Responses a. Given the risks, and the fact that consent cannot be obtained, the ethically correct choice may be to avoid the experiment.
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